ECB hawkishness fails to rescue euro as Russian invasion

continues to drive markets

The ECBs unambiguously hawkish messaging last week did not stop the euro from sinking to new lows as concerns mount over stagflation or worse.

We also saw a significant rebound in Eastern European currencies led by the Polish zloty, as central banks in the region both raised interest rates aggressively and/or intervened directly in the market in order to prop up their currencies. We also saw continuing rallies in commodity currencies far away from the war, such as our long standing favourite, the Brazilian real.

Economic news will continue to take a back seat to the newsflow from the war on one hand, and the reaction to the fresh supply shock from the world's major central banks on the other. This week will be the Federal Reserve’s turn. Market expectations for a 25 basis point hike look correct to us, and we also expect an unambiguously hawkish message as the Fed has fallen severely behind the curve. We expect more or less the same outcome from the Bank of England meeting the following day.


Very strong monthly GDP data out of the UK confirms that the economy was very strong prior to the war shock. Sterling, however, did not benefit, ending the week near the bottom of the G10 rankings. We are a bit puzzled by the move lower - we think the currency is oversold, and see scope for a rebound.

This should be helped along by the Bank of England meeting on Thursday. We expect the MPC to hike interest rates again and join the Fed and ECB in pivoting communications towards an increased focus in taming surging inflation amid the fresh supply shocks. With a 25 basis point move fully priced in by markets, the reaction in the pound will be driven largely by the voting patterns, and communications on both inflation and future rate increases.


The ECB seems to have finally pivoted to restoring its inflation credibility, but for now markets remain focused on the war threat to the European economy and the euro seems unable to hold above the 1.10 level versus the dollar. This is for now a common struggle to all European currencies, but we think that any significant positive news from the war could lead to a rebound of the oversold common currency.

Meanwhile, a slate of ECB speakers are on tap for Thursday, which should add needed clarity to the ECB’s intended schedule for higher rates. We continue to see a first hike by at least the bank’s September meeting.


February inflation in the US rose to yet another multi-decade high of almost 8% but, for the first time in a while at least, it did not exceed market expectations. Nevertheless, core inflation also rose sharply, up to 6.4% and its highest level since August 1982.

The macroeconomic calendar is light this week, aside of course from the critical FOMC meeting. In principle, the hawkish communications we expect should be positive for the dollar, but the failure of the euro to rally last week suggests that this correlation may have weakened in the wake of the invasion. With a 25 basis point hike fully priced in, we will be paying particularly close attention to the bank’s updated interest rate projections - the

‘dot plot’. We think that a sizable upward revision here is likely in light of the inflation ramifications of the Russia-Ukraine war.


After dropping below parity against the euro, the Swiss franc gave up its gains, and the EUR/CHF pair returned above the 1.02 level. In an interesting turn of events, the Swiss franc ended the week as the second-worst performing currency in the G10 after the Japanese yen, in line with the improvement in sentiment.

The Swiss National Bank made a rare announcement after the drop below parity, renewing its pledge to intervene in the FX market if necessary. SNB sight deposits (a proxy for intervention) increased by 2.4bn CHF last week - the most since December. We think that the bank's willingness to intervene further will be limited by the recent inflation surge and upside risks to price growth. We don’t think we’ll see significant interventions unless EUR/CHF makes another break below parity again.

The franc should continue to react to shifts in sentiment in the coming days. The currency remains sensitive to the war in Ukraine, but may also be driven by the latest covid outbreak in China and its perceived impact on global supply chains.


The Australian dollar ended last week not far from where it started. Even so, it was a volatile week for the currency given geopolitical news and volatility in commodity prices. Also, due to the rise in global commodity prices and increasing pressures on inflation, Australia’s central bank advised last week that it would be prudent to prepare for a hike in interest rates this year. This is a fairly major hawkish pivot after a number of months of indicating that higher rates remain a long way off.

On Tuesday, the latest RBA meeting minutes will be published, followed by the publication of the February unemployment rate on Thursday. Aside from any major surprises here, AUD will likely continue to be driven mostly by events in Ukraine.

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